Cutting edge technology

Introduction: Due to the large number of industrial robots deployed, it is accompanied by the reduction of labor force in the manufacturing industry, which has caused concern from all walks of life around the world. The development of the robot industry is in full swing, which is bound to have an impact on human employment. Therefore, it is worried that human beings will face large-scale unemployment risks. In particular, the manufacturing industry is the hardest hit, and simple and repetitive work cannot be avoided by robot replacement.

Under the general trend of automation and industrial robot deployment, the biggest impact is on the assembly line. The most repetitive work is most easily replaced by machines, while Siemens and GE are the global digital representatives. Enterprises, as well as large manufacturing companies such as Foxconn, have begun to upgrade their automation plants and deploy various industrial robots to increase plant efficiency. Yang Jianyong, senior consultant of the Internet of Things, pointed out that due to the large-scale deployment of industrial robots, it is accompanied by the reduction of labor force in the manufacturing industry, which has caused concern from all walks of life around the world. The development of the robot industry is in full swing, which is bound to have an impact on human employment, and is therefore worried that human beings will face a large area. Unemployment risks, especially in the manufacturing sector, are hard-hit areas, and simple and repetitive work cannot be avoided by robot replacement.

Industrial robots are designed to perform high-level or high-risk work in the industrial field. The industrial riches of Guo Taiming's industrial Fulian increase the number of industrial robots used in the production process, reducing the number of employees in the operation process. The risk factor, currently has a number of lights-off factories, to achieve full automation of assembly, testing, laser welding, polishing and other major processes.

Global Industrial Robot Deployment

In Germany and Japan, where labor is seriously in short supply, industry is their economic engine. German Industry 4.0 has triggered a new round of industrial digital revolution in the world, and its Amberg factory 75% of the production process has been automated. In China, Siemens has established a digital factory in Chengdu, which is the third R&D center for Siemens industrial automation products after Germany and the United States. This digital production method promotes efficient production, which increases the factory's output by a factor of four. In the past five years, the product quality pass rate reached 99.999%, achieving a high degree of digitization from product design to manufacturing. The digital factory in Chengdu was named one of the “Nine Most Advanced Factories in the World” by the World Economic Forum.

Japan's aging is the most serious country in the world, and a series of "robot strategies" were announced many years ago.Robots are widely used in manufacturing, infrastructure, agriculture, services and medical care to cope with the many economic and social problems brought about by the aging of the population. Japan is not only a major robot manufacturer, but also the world's leading supplier of industrial robots. It only accounted for 55% of the global market share in 2017, up 39% from 2016. This data comes from IFR "2018 World Robot-Industrial Robot Report 》. In 2017, Japan deployed 297,000 industrial robots, second only to China, and China deployed 470,000 industrial robots.

China is the world's largest consumer of industrial robots

Japan accounts for more than half of the global industrial robots, and many Japanese companies are also spending capital on robots, wanting robots to become laborers, Coping with many economic and social problems brought about by the aging of the population. China is a fast-growing market for industrial robots. According to statistics from IFRWorldRobotics, global industrial robots sold 290,000 units in 2016 and are expected to grow to 630,000 units in 2021. From 2018 to 2021, global factories are expected to install nearly 210 units. Wantai new industrial robot.

Earlier last year, Guo Taiming said that in 10 years, robots replaced 80% of the labor to become the focus of discussion. In addition, the public news said that Foxconn has deployed more than 40,000 robots at various production sites in the mainland, and combined with the Industrial Fulian 2018 Interim Report, the number of industrial robots used in the production process has increased, which in turn has reduced labor costs. In the case of increased revenue, labor costs decreased by 11.91% year-on-year (excluding R&D labor costs).

Also as the iPhone foundry of Heshuo, as early as 2016, because of the assembly of 8,000 to 10,000 automated robots on the production line, the original work required by 100 workers, with the assistance of robots Now only 20 people are needed.

In Kunshan, Jiangsu Province, the machine substitution strategy was implemented many years ago. Kunshan will take the robot industry and intelligent manufacturing as the key economic development areas in the future, and help Kunshan transform. Its robot industry will be the next 100 billion in Kunshan. industry.

Machine substitutions have promoted the vigorous development of industrial robots in a strategic context across the country.With strong demand, Country Garden also wants to share a piece of cake. In September last year, Country Garden announced that it would jointly build a 10 square kilometer robot valley with Shunde, and introduce 10,000 scientific research experts in five years. It plans to invest 80 billion yuan, which is after the real estate kingdom. Country Garden has entered the frontier science and technology field and hopes to build a robotic ecological kingdom. Country Garden expects to work with universities and research institutes from all over the world to build a world-class robot research and development base and contribute to national smart manufacturing.

Finally

Of course, the development and application of innovative technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics will bring a lot of jobs to be replaced by machines, but there will also be a lot of new job opportunities. Only the machine or the main force of labor that will become a large-scale manufacturer's assembly line, by 2020, more than 3 million industrial robots will be put into use worldwide, and a new era of robot application is coming.

The author is Yang Jianyong, senior consultant of Internet of Things. In 2016, Zhongjin Online Top Ten Finance and Media from the media, won the best signing author of NetEase 2017 and 2018, and is committed to in-depth interpretation of cutting-edge technology such as the Internet of Things economy and artificial intelligence. Based on insights into future IoT insights and trends, perspectives and research strategies are cited by numerous authoritative media and well-known companies.

Author: Yang Jianyong

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