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Introduction: Today, major cloud computing providers use local hardware or specific technologies to make their data centers look more like public clouds. So what is driving the development of this trend?

Today, major cloud computing vendors use local hardware or specific technologies to make their data centers look more like public clouds. So what is driving the development of this trend?

In order to make themselves an integral part of corporate customers, most large cloud computing services companies are working together to tap the potential of on-premise data centers. At the heart of the cloud computing service model shift is helping customers manage hybrid clouds more easily.

The introduction of cloud computing devices best illustrates the efforts of cloud computing providers to enter the data center, which is the hardware device being sold by Microsoft, Oracle and other companies. These devices provide mitigation and challenge for IT teams who are trying to leverage the public cloud while optimizing the use of their local data center technologies.

In other cases, software is the tool that cloud computing providers use to bring customers closer. For example, IBM Cloud Private aims to provide users with a combination of private and public cloud technologies.

AWS Outposts allows customers to use the same APIs as in the public cloud for Amazon's approved servers to handle local work. Microsoft has positioned its Azure Stack as an on-premise extension to its cloud computing services. Similarly, Oracle Cloud at Customer will also provide cloud computing services from behind the customer's firewall. At the same time, Google sells the data center version of Kubernetes Engine, called GKE On-Prem, for customers who want to manage clusters through the Google Cloud Console, even if some clusters are located in locally deployed data centers.

The result is to create a hybrid cloud of what a person thinks is a single provider. These new products, whether hardware or software, will bring changes to the IT organization. Those who adopt provider technology should expect to reduce some of the responsibilities and complexity, and perhaps more to ensure the smooth delivery of services.

Repair private cloud

IDC analyst Rick Villars said public cloud and related devicesIn stark contrast to the private cloud developed by companies in recent years. Villars said: "Whether these private clouds are made up of their own directories and scripts, or if the organization simply chooses to use private clouds such as Rackspace or CenturyLink, these new public cloud options are more consistent."

"Basic Every private cloud is unique, but these new choices are very similar in nature,” he added.

The main limitation of existing private clouds is their lack of flexibility in providing the content that organizations need. “They are pre-engineered in terms of capacity and storage, and if they want to grow, IT must integrate the entire system,” Villars said. In addition, these systems are fragile. If a new processor is introduced, it must start from the beginning.

By contrast, these new cloud computing service models and platforms (including their associated devices) will be more flexible. “Now this has become a consumption-based model,” Villars pointed out.

Villars said that these devices make it easier to add storage or compute capacity to IT to integrate new technologies into the environment while maintaining day-to-day operations. “Frankly, another big benefit is that users are no longer worried about patches, fixes, and upgrades, and over time, as providers implement improvements and enhance security, the system will get better and better,” he added. .

Villars said that these new products provide true modernization for IT. The adoption of a private cloud is a compromise that focuses on providing a more modern data center. “Users have an existing IT load, but want to be easier to configure and still reduce operating costs,” he explained.

Villars said, “This is not what IT people are saying. This is an alternative form of infrastructure for creating new products (such as precision medicine) because it is difficult to replicate and consume. Instead, it is based on cloud computing. The new platform provides a dedicated venue so that it can be developed and delivered in more SaaS ways.”

However, Villars pointed out that these platforms are designed to be extended to the edge location rather than to handle traditional centers. activity. “Although they may make IT run the data center in different ways, the key is to be able to go to the factory, cruise ship orThe hospital provides services similar to SaaS. He said.

New cloud service models abound

Research firm Forrester Research analyst Lauren Nelson said that the discussion of capabilities and the IT burden must also include costs. New options may Useful, but not cheap. And consistent with Villars's point of view, she said that users willing to pay are most likely to be organizations with different needs, such as organizations in islands, military bases and cruise ship operations.

[123 But how high is the cost? It's hard to get accurate data. But Nelson pointed out that Microsoft's Azure Stack can be said to be the first product on the market, which is expensive. She said: "This fact basically limits the fact. Its scope of use, but it does provide freedom of deployment for IT. "This is not only because users can extend an application to multiple locations, but because these applications can be migrated more easily over time.

has some in these ever-changing cloud service models. Attraction. For IT staff, large infrastructure investments are considered venture capital because it can take five years or more to get a return. Nelson says that by then, their organizations may have different cloud computing strategies. "With these new products, cloud computing service providers are starting to consider buying infrastructure, and from an architectural point of view, it looks like cloud computing," she said. "

Nelson said: "The biggest challenge people face is determining how much they are willing to pay to actually achieve this goal." "

In a more operational focus, research firm Gartner analyst Ed Anderson made a further distinction between the impact of IT. "The hardware systems provided by cloud computing providers are usually locked systems," he said. Managed entirely by the cloud provider or its partners. This type of product undermines the role of classic IT, and classic IT has largely failed to manage and manage these solutions. "

Thus, in reality, new cloud-based devices transform traditional enterprise data centers into a hosted facility for cloud computing providers. "Traditional IT means, in addition to plugging it into power and network." Beyond themThere is basically no role in system management. He said. But in terms of operations, IT must pay attention to the consumption of services provided by these systems, and essentially need to ensure user satisfaction.

Anderson said, by contrast, software from cloud computing providers can now Use these ever-changing cloud computing service models in private data centers. For example, placing Google Kubernetes Engine in GKE On-Prem or Amazon RDS on VMware in the customer data center provides a new type of IT professionals that can interact with and manage it. Technology, usually these will only be used to be compatible with public cloud services.

Anderson pointed out that since the cloud computing business model is based on large-scale standardization, pushing cloud computing services to private data centers must be maintained with public cloud services. The same level of standardization to protect the overall cloud model. Therefore, the cloud provider must lock and manage Microsoft's Azure Stack, AWS Outpost, Oracle's customer cloud and other similar products. He said that no matter how it is divided, this Will reduce the responsibility of IT professionals.

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