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Introduction: 2019 has arrived, and it is a year in which cloud computing will usher in more changes. Kubernetes has become a popular technology community, but a major security breach recently discovered has made people soberly aware of the need for a powerful cloud security approach.

2019 has arrived, and it is a year in which cloud computing will usher in more changes. Kubernetes has become a popular technology community, but a major security breach recently discovered has made people soberly aware of the need for a powerful cloud security approach.

Of course, for Google, the future market competition for cloud computing will be very intense. Sacha Labourey, CEO of CloudBees, expects the market for cloud computing to usher in another busy year.

Whether it is a cloud computing industry professional, investor or technical expert, you can prepare for 2019 through the predictions of cloud computing experts from industry vendors Puppet, Pivota, Microsoft, Rackspace and Cloud Foundry. Some of their predictions may be surprising.

Nigel Kersten, vice president of ecosystem engineering at Puppet, said, "The edge of cloud computing will see more active activities in 2019."

The topic of edge computing will be everywhere. All cloud platforms such as AWS Outposts, Google Kubernetes Engine on-prem, and AzureStack still use cloudy solutions, and many activities will affect the development of the cloud computing industry. In addition to the significant impact of the on-premise Kubernetes space on cloud providers, it will replace OpenStack beyond core telecom deployments as there will be simpler, smaller solutions and more compatible large-scale solutions. .

Microsoft will continue to improve its vast and authentic corporate image in the open source world of reality and perception. The acquisition of GitHub is critical to the success of its business and is seen as an important historical turning point.

All indications are that this will be a good acquisition case, which is related to the acquisition of Re by IBMd Hat is in stark contrast to revenue. Developers are increasingly dissatisfied with the quality of Apple's laptop hardware. In addition, Microsoft will do a good job in open source, and they have won the favor of many developers in the traditional technology community.

Arthur Viegers, senior director of Pivotal's platform architecture, said, "The current cyber threat situation continues to put pressure on security teams."

Enterprises must have the ability to quickly respond to critical vulnerabilities and automatically repair containers Therefore, it is necessary to introduce an automated process.

As people have seen recently, Kubernetes, the most popular cloud container orchestration system, has discovered a major security hole that needs to be patched.

If there are any minor vulnerabilities, hackers will make full use of them. This means that in 2019, companies must use a cloud application platform that automatically fixes containers quickly. This will reduce the reliance on problem-solving people in the IT team, but the staff is also prone to making mistakes and may take longer to discover and deal with problems. Companies need to leverage platforms such as Pivotal Cloud Foundry, which can fix vulnerabilities in a short period of time.

In 2019, Knative-based feature-as-a-service (FaaS) cloud services will be fully rolled out. With Feature as a Service (FaaS), organizations no longer need to build and maintain infrastructure, but containers are automatically created and destroyed when a feature needs to be performed. This is especially cost effective for event-driven workloads such as IoT workloads. General availability means that many companies will develop software on this basis.

Michael Wignall, chief technology officer at Microsoft, said, "Our conversations with customers, partners and the public sector are dominated by a single theme - how to maximize the opportunities for artificial intelligence brought about by cloud computing."

Businesses are interested in the potential of artificial intelligence in product transformation, employee empowerment, and improved customer service. As we enter 2019, businesses will increase their interest in adopting artificial intelligence. Microsoft recently surveyed 1,000 business decision makers and 4,000 employees of large UK organizations to assess theirThe understanding of the role played is clear, and there are some confusions and concerns about where to use artificial intelligence. This forces them to consider the potential of artificial intelligence.

In the survey, 41% of organizations believe that their current business model will disappear in less than five years. This is a terrible statistic. Technological turmoil and competitors from neighboring markets will put tremendous pressure on the way organizations operate, forcing them to evaluate the entire approach. Companies must view artificial intelligence as an opportunity rather than a challenge. Artificial intelligence is not a threat, but a tool for developing business.

However, the lack of artificial intelligence adoption is a real concern - although many organizations face this threat and the broader impact of the current economic and political environment, 51% of organizational leaders acknowledge that Their organization does not have a strategy to implement artificial intelligence, but this must change.

The use of artificial intelligence is not a story of the tortoise and the hare, and those that are now innovating will be tomorrow's success stories, and there is a lot of evidence to support this. Organizations that already use artificial intelligence perform more than 5% of their competitors, which significantly increases the organization's ability to be missed by any organization. In 2019, we will work to accelerate the understanding of the value that artificial intelligence brings to organizations, try to use artificial intelligence-driven projects, and ensure that companies have the ability to compete in the era of artificial intelligence.

Lee James, chief technology officer of Rackspace's EMEA region, said, "Service blocks are becoming a new cloud computing consumption model."

The way companies consume cloud services will change rapidly in 2019, Reflects a broader shift to the subscription economy. And many organizations have begun to adopt new cloud services to deal with short-term, specific needs.

This subscription model (called Rackspace as a service block) will not only enable users to scale or shrink the cloud platform. Cloud computing service providers are changing their service offerings to help them respond more flexibly to customer needs, whether it's providing "cost governance as a service" or "solution architect as a service" to build complex cloud computing architectures.

Those who have a low threshold to ensure that these new services are consumed will see the greatest success. Because customers want flexibility, up/downThe next expansion, as well as the customizable products (whether in their operations, resource requirements or service commitments), and the long wait for work reports and the like are no longer there.

Sacha Labourey, CEO of CloudBees, said, "Google will acquire at least five companies in the first nine months of 2019."

As the cloud computing market becomes more competitive, at least Three top suppliers may have market space. The top cloud computing providers are AWS and Microsoft. Google is struggling to maintain its third place in the market: despite good technology, they are unable to create corporate sales activities and culture, which is the biggest limiting factor for their faster growth (compared to AWS and Microsoft). For Google, the best way is to do a DNA transplant, which is to "get" this culture.

Google is very aware of this, and after Github and Red Hat were acquired by other cloud computing giants, their choices are diminishing. A recent cloud computing acquisition by Google Inc. took place in 2016, the acquisition of Apigee. As Thomas Kurian becomes the CEO of Google Cloud, things will change dramatically. Kurian comes from Oracle Corporation with a strong corporate culture. For decades, M&A has been the main development of Oracle. But what is the difference between Diane Greene, CEO of Google Cloud? She also has an amazing corporate background and culture.

The biggest difference is that Ms. Greene rebuilt a lot of basic work after she worked for Google, and put things on a very different track. This consumes a lot of her time and energy. After Kurian takes over, he will soon prove that he has relative freedom of ruling power and corporate support to make the business a success. If this doesn't work, he can quickly understand and continue to lead the team. The prediction is that under the leadership of Kurian, Google will acquire at least five companies in the first nine months of 2019. If you don't, Kurian will leave quickly.

Chip Founders, Chief Technology Officer of Cloud Foundry, said, "For me.The most important thing is ‘people and process technology.’ "

A successful business means having the right tools, of course, with the right talent, they know how to handle these tools, and create effective strategic processes. Developers are more proactive, they must follow the technology They are becoming more active and growing. But they don't just know how to use specific technologies, but also how to understand the larger strategy of the company.

In 2019, companies need to be aware of the people in the team. Everything matters. Retraining their workforce is critical to business success. Team members understand the business and carry out their tasks. Therefore, it is time for companies to invest in their employees.

Company like Home Depot They have done a great job in this area. They are changing the corporate culture by training the skills of retail employees to improve the level and quality of their employees, as this is the company's most valuable asset. In addition, the company dynamically reorganizes their digital growth to change corporate culture.

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