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Introduction: "Last year, Forrester predicted that cloud computing will fundamentally accelerate the digital transformation of global enterprises. Cloud computing provides a decade of motivation for the success of SMEs, and provides innovative companies to compete with global giants. The tools and technologies needed."

"Last year, Forrester predicted that cloud computing will fundamentally accelerate the digital transformation of global enterprises. Cloud computing provides a decade of motivation for SMEs' success and innovation Sex companies compete with global giants to provide the tools and technologies they need."

In 2018, cloud computing has become a must-have technology for every business, and nearly 60% of North American companies now rely on public clouds. The platform is five times that of five years ago. Private clouds are also growing rapidly, with companies not only shifting workloads to top-of-the-line hyperscale public clouds, but also creating powerful local cloud platforms in their own data centers, using the same open source software as public clouds.

Recently, according to Forrester's research on the cloud computing industry in 2019, cloud computing has gone through the “self-centered youth period” and has become “the engine that drives global digital transformation”. The company predicts that by 2019, cloud computing will usher in the "adult age", bringing innovative development services to enterprise applications, not just providing cheaper temporary servers and storage.

Trend 1: Enterprise cloud computing spending will increase significantly

The report predicts that enterprise cloud computing spending will increase significantly as the core business application starts. Some of them will be replaced by new SaaS applications, others will be refactored using new cloud local technologies (such as containers, Kubernetes, etc.).

However, most will use a range of emerging technologies being developed in cloud computing, from new databases to edge computing devices, the Internet of Things, machine learning and artificial intelligence. As companies compete to update existing applications and processes, and gain new insights from the vast amounts of data that has been collected, spending will increase dramatically.

The largest public cloud provider camp will grow further in 2019. With the expansion of service catalogs and global regions, six major cloud computing leaders: Alibaba, Amazon AWS, Google, IBM, Microsoft AzureAnd Oracle will expand in size by 2019. At the same time, the global cloud computing market, including cloud platforms, business services and SaaS, will exceed $200 billion in 2019, growing by more than 20%.

In addition to the full rise of Alibaba and becoming another strong competitor in the field of cloud computing, there will be no major competition in cloud computing in 2019, and the status of the cloud market leader remains solid. There are no new cloud platform providers yet, and they have the strength to pose serious challenges to the six global public cloud service providers.

Trend 2: Containers, Kubernetes (K8s), and serverless remodeling core applications

Forrester expects container technology to continue moving forward in 2019 and reshape every cloud platform. Companies such as eBay, ING, Liberty Mutual, Nordstrom, and Viasat are using the cloud-native platform built around Docker and K8s to inject new life into traditional applications.

With the support of cloud-based open source components and tools, enterprises will begin to launch their own digital application platforms that will span the cloud, including serverless and event-driven services, and enable core business for the next decade. The foundation of application modernization. The hottest trend next year is that K8s are easier to deploy, secure, monitor, scale and upgrade. Enterprise-class container platforms from companies such as Docker, IBM, Mesosphere, Pivotal, Rancher, Red Hat, and VMware are expected to grow rapidly.

After years of stagnation between private and public clouds, companies should rethink how to turn their data centers into cloud computing engines. According to Forrester's research, each organization must choose the most appropriate private cloud strategy for itself.

A larger private cloud structure will emerge in 2019, and enterprises will face three basic private cloud paths: building a developer-centric tool and software-defined infrastructure internally using vSphere; to minimize The technology burden uses a converged or hyper-aggregate software stack to customize the cloud environment; or rely on a team of proficient technologies to build cloud infrastructure internally using OpenStack.

Trend 3: More organizations will developSelf-PaaS strategy

Forrester expects that each organization will decide whether to leverage PaaS specific to a particular cloud provider or focus on cloud neutrality. Some companies will continue to look for opportunities from cloud computing while waiting patiently for the value-added services to mature, making cloud computing easier to operate anywhere, such as Istio, K8s and TensorFlow.

Trend 4: Software-as-a-service (SaaS)-based systems will become increasingly popular

SaaS vendors have increased their integration efforts in 2018, such as Salesforce's acquisition of MuleSoft and Workday's decision to unlock And to enhance its platform, this trend is highlighted. A SaaS-based industry ecosystem will be formed in 2019, with the core of scalable SaaS applications. From healthcare clouds to financial clouds and insurance clouds, companies will seek to understand the cloud computing platform of their business and industry.

We have seen SaaS vendors redouble their efforts in integration, and Salesforce, Workday, SAP, Oracle and other leaders are opening up their platforms and looking to add new development tools, integration and deployment to specific industries. Options, the SaaS application is becoming a development platform, and this transformation will begin to bear fruit in 2019.

The development of cloud computing has enabled most companies to combine their applications and technologies with other more mature cloud services such as the Internet of Things, databases, machine learning or container platforms. The capabilities and capabilities in the enterprise will become better and more integrated. In 2019, cloud computing will firmly establish its position and become the infrastructure of future enterprise application platforms.

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