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Introduction: Today, the era of intelligent attacks is coming. People need to understand artificial intelligence, machine learning, IT process automation and some common sense to improve cloud security. Cloud security will face major challenges in 2019, as will other technical areas involving confidential data.

Today, the era of smart attacks is coming. People need to understand artificial intelligence, machine learning, IT process automation and some common sense to improve cloud security. Cloud security will face major challenges in 2019, as will other technical areas involving confidential data. An article by cloud data security provider CloudCodes pointed out that the failure to adopt updated cloud storage security elements has led to many security vulnerabilities. A security report is cited here that identifies the following issues that cause cloud security failures:

Insufficient identity, access, and credential management;

Abuse and malicious use of cloud services

Insecure graphical user interface and API

shared technology vulnerability

Sudden information leakage

Advanced persistent threat

Insufficient due diligence


Cloud account hijacking

Denial of service attacks

Malicious insider attacks

Clearly, cloud security needs to be improved in the new year. Cloud computing industry expert Scott Matteson discussed this topic with Andrew Bunyi, chief information officer of cloud computing IT provider Nerdio, to gain insight into the issue.

ScottMatteson: What are the main expectations for cloud security in 2019?

Andrew Bunyi: First, the average cost of data breaches will continue to soar. According to data from IBM and PonemonInstitute, the average cost of global data breaches in 2018 reached $3.86 million, an increase of 6.4% from a year ago. As the network environment becomes more dangerous and the value of critical data stored in the cloud increases, this number will continue to increase after 2019.

Scott Matteson: How will the threat evolve?

Andrew Bunyi: The era of "smart attack" is coming. Experts agree that 2019 will mark the year when hackers and other malicious people will start using more advanced technology than ever before to try to cause damage. More specifically, hackers can eventually create malicious chat bots that attempt to trick victims into clicking on links, downloading malicious files, or revealing their passwords and other information.

ScottMatteson: What is the security of privacy, what will happen?

Andrew Bunyi: Protecting privacy will be the new normal. To a large extent due to the above two trends, the end of 2019 will be a year in which people begin to take data seriously. Many experts believe that this will be something that people do without thinking, such as paying taxes. If you get any benefit from a dangerous cybersecurity environment, then the standard of continuous privacy is not a recommendation, but a requirement.

In addition, machine learning will play a role in privacy. Due to the types of negative trends people see, 2019 will mark a new era in which artificial intelligence and machine learning are used to create privacy protection technologies, giving me the eyes of others to snoop when people try to preserve basic data. Now very close to such a moment, you can train your computer to prioritize data security in its own way, all without affecting privacy itself.

Scott Matteson: How will cloud security measures be improved in 2019?

AndrewBunyi: People will see a shift in the security of identity-based applications. It is expected that 2019 will be an outdated year for network-based security. Instead, people are beginning to consider the next phase of online security. In an era where everything is connected to the cloud and shared by the cloud, old technologies such as firewalls are becoming more and more important. Instead, people will focus on the identity of the application and protect the data in the software, just as people protect information related to their identity, which will be a major shift in the ideology of global organizations.

Scott Matteson: What do you recommend for IT professionals to focus on cloud security in 2019?

AndrewBunyi: A focus of IT professionals in 2019 should focus on security reportingAnd automation of auditing. As more and more lists of cloud computing services are sometimes distributed among multiple providers, tracking security reports can become very cumbersome. Using IT process automation, tools such as Microsoft Security Ratings, and creating an efficient and automated review workflow should be a top priority on all lists in 2019. This information, ready to use and easy to view, saves time and allows for faster response to emerging cloud security threats.

Scott Matteson: For cloud security in 2019, what do you recommend to end users?

AndrewBunyi: The biggest threat to user security is still social engineering. Phishing emails have recovered, and other attacks rely on the social aspects of people's daily work. End users should focus on being more vigilant about suspicious emails, phone calls, text messages, and more. When the company’s CFO sends an email asking for an additional $30,000 to remit to a new bank account? Maybe make a call to verify this, instead of starting the ACH transfer immediately. Some common sense will make a difference in 2019.

Scott Matteson: How is cloud security spending/investment expected to change?

Andrew Bunyi: Enterprise public cloud spending has grown steadily from 2017 to 2018, and this trend is sure to increase as major cloud computing providers become more powerful and easy to navigate. Public cloud spending in 2018 was $17.5 billion and is expected to increase by 17% in 2019. In 2018, cloud management and security services spent approximately $10.7 billion. This number is expected to grow by at least 20% in 2019 as more companies adopt cloud products and warm-up cloud security products.

While not all of these predictions are good news in the strictest sense, there are still some positive things to learn, even those that seem negative at first glance. Collectively, these predictions show how far people have gone, and the most important thing is where people need to find the safest environment.

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