Cutting edge technology

Introduction: Recently, the Artificial Intelligence Management Center of the Institute of Human Futures at the University of Oxford published a report entitled "Artificial Intelligence: Attitudes and Trends of Americans", detailing the US's exploration of the development trend of artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence. It is regarded as an important material for studying the impact of artificial intelligence on the public.

What kind of attitude is needed to treat artificial intelligence? In the face of rapid iteration of artificial intelligence, what perspective should I look at?

Recently, the Artificial Intelligence Management Center of the Institute of Human Futures at the University of Oxford published a report entitled "Artificial Intelligence: Attitudes and Trends of Americans", detailing the development of artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence in the United States. It is regarded as an important material for studying the impact of artificial intelligence on the public.

1. About the full picture and concept of the report

The advancement of artificial intelligence can affect the labor market, transportation, health care, education and national security. However, the impact of artificial intelligence can be very positive, but the risks and barriers that are brought about are worthy of attention.

In the United States, public sentiment develops debates on many policies, including immigration, free trade, international conflicts, and climate change mitigation debates. This understanding is for managers to make informed policies and identify opportunities for the public. Promoting the characteristics of artificial intelligence, benefits and risks are crucial.

In this report, the results of an extensive survey of the attitudes of the American public towards artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence governance are presented. Based on a nationally representative survey, the survey was conducted from June 6 to 14, 2018, and a total of 2,000 American adults completed the survey.

2. Discussion on the main points of the report

Americans expressed different support for the development of artificial intelligence. 41% support or strongly support the development of AI to a certain extent, while 22% of the groups are somewhat or strongly opposed to the development of artificial intelligence.

Artificial intelligence that accomplishes some comprehensive work, which may involve collaboration between multiple devices or multiple systems. For example, for smart homes, people have long imagined that they can use an artificial intelligence system as a central control center to connect all external information and manage all the appliances in the home. But so far, such home systems are still at a very early stage. Universal systemIt means that you can handle multiple goals and have certain capabilities in every aspect. The current artificial intelligence is often in a special breakthrough stage.

Demographic characteristics vary widely in supporting the development of artificial intelligence. 57% of university graduates expressed more support for the development of artificial intelligence than those with high school or low education; those who reported more household income, such as those who earn more than $100,000 a year, earned less than $30,000 More support; people with computer science or programming experience are more supportive than those who do not have 31% of this experience; 47% of men support women.

82% of Americans believe that robots or artificial intelligence should be managed with care. This figure is comparable to the survey results of EU respondents. Robotization is the most important step in artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence can be like a brain, but if it has a limb, it will be more effective. The current robot functions are relatively simple, although some very complicated actions have been completed, such as bipedal walking, such as judging user emotions through the user's facial expressions, etc., but the goal of helping people to complete their daily work is far away.

Americans believe that government and technology companies need to be carefully managed in the 13 artificial intelligence governance challenges raised in the survey. Governance challenges that are considered to be the most likely to affect people around the world and rank highest in the importance of issues in the next 10 years include: preventing AI-assisted surveillance from invading privacy and civil liberties; preventing artificial intelligence from being used to spread false and harmful content online; Prevent artificial intelligence attacks against government, companies, organizations and individuals and protect data privacy.

Americans have a distinct degree of trust in the various organizations that develop and manage artificial intelligence for the best interests of the public. Broadly speaking, the public has the most trust in university researchers; followed by scientific organizations, artificial intelligence partnerships, technology companies and intelligence organizations; followed by the US federal or state governments and the United Nations; and finally Facebook.

American support for the increased investment in artificial intelligence military capabilities and the danger of working with China to avoid an artificial intelligence arms race. Providing respondents with information about the risks of the Sino-US AI arms race has slightly reduced support for the US to invest more in the artificial intelligence military capabilities. Provide people-friendly information or about artificial intelligenceInformation about human threats does not affect American policy preferences.

Americans are less supportive of developing high levels of machine intelligence: 31% of Americans support and 27% oppose it. Accuracy is the most important goal in the development of various fields of artificial intelligence. At present, the field of artificial intelligence is often difficult to overcome in a certain number. For example, the accuracy of natural language recognition is difficult to break at 90%; the accuracy of computer vision to identify a specific object is less than 90%, and There are also incomprehensible errors for unknown reasons.

More Americans believe that high levels of machine intelligence are harmful, not beneficial to humans. Twenty-two percent thought the technology was “worally bad” and 12% thought it was “very bad” and could lead to human extinction. Despite this, 21% believe that “it is good overall” and 5% think “very good”.

3. Rethinking the gap between Chinese and American artificial intelligence

Although artificial intelligence started late in China, with the support and encouragement of many national policies and research funds, the development momentum has been rapid in recent years. . It is a world leader in technologies such as speech recognition, visual recognition, machine translation, and Chinese information processing.

Smart chip technology also achieved a breakthrough. The Institute of Computing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences released the world's first dedicated processor for deep learning. Tsinghua University has developed a reconfigurable neural network computing chip that is three orders of magnitude better than the existing GPU.

However, there is still a gap between the overall level of artificial intelligence in China and the United States. Although China's key technologies of artificial intelligence, especially core algorithms, are comparable to those of the United States, the overall development level of artificial intelligence in China still has a large gap compared with the United States, such as high-precision parts, technology industry, industrial design, and large-scale. Intelligent systems, large-scale application systems, and basic platforms.

In terms of industrial applications, although the results of artificial intelligence technology have been applied in more and more fields in China, there are still some problems.

For example, with the exception of a few vertical areas, with years of experience in big data accumulation and business process optimization, it has spawned application scenarios where marketing, wind control, smart investment, security and other artificial intelligence technologies can directly land. There is still a big gap between the business needs of the industry and the cutting-edge scientific and technological achievements of artificial intelligence.

The combination of mobile Internet applications and artificial intelligence technologies for the average consumer is still in the exploratory stage.

In the artificial intelligence ecosystem, the United States is also more sophisticated and active, and the number of startups far exceeds that of China. And the ecosystem of research institutions, universities and private companies is huge, innovative and diverse.

The United States has accumulated a strong technical advantage in the artificial intelligence layout and in the core areas of algorithms and chips. Similar to the field of AI and cloud computing, AI also needs support from the basic layer, technology layer and application layer.

The domestic accumulation in the fields of chip, natural language processing, computer vision and image is still insufficient, and it also has a certain impact on AI applications.

Finally, due to the lack of AI talents, it also led to domestic efforts in attracting talents and basic research.

The United States has a very developed basic science and technology research, and a solid talent training system has continuously delivered excellent AI talents to the industry. This is currently a major weakness in China.

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